Employers pay attention to this.
The first impression that your documents make will determine whether you will reach the following selection rounds. Focus on what is essential for each job posting. Convincingly explain why you are suitable for the advertised position.
The job advertisement tells you how to apply. This is possible, for example, by email, post, or on a company's application portal. When choosing the application path, adhere to the wishes of the employer. Your application must also be structured and must not contain any spelling mistakes or formal deficiencies.
Convince yourself with a personal cover letter
Arouse the interest of potential employers with personal information. Templates are a great source of inspiration but should never be copied. Pay attention to your formulations and thereby set yourself apart from the competition.
Tips for a cover letter:
- If possible, it should not be more than one A4 page.
- Make sure that the address and contact person are correct.
- Write how you became aware of the job offer: refer to the job advertisement, the interview at a job fair, or a personal recommendation.
- Avoid subjunctive forms such as "would" and "could." Use active language with short and to-the-point sentences.
- Make it clear why you are the right person for the position. State your professional and personal qualifications.
- State a possible starting date if this is desired.
- Look for a friendly closing phrase asking you to be invited to an interview.
Only respond to salary requests when required. If not, clarify this in the interview. When applying online, add your scanned signature to the document. For the letter application, you sign with your full first and last name.
Write a resume - this is how it works.
Set up your resume in a table. It should not exceed 2 A4 pages. Limit yourself to the essentials about the position you are aiming for. The order of the stations mentioned is usually descending in time.
This information should be included in the resume:
- personal details with photo
- if available: voluntary and military service
- Vocational training, studies
- professional career including internships
- Advanced and advanced training
- exceptional knowledge and skills such as IT knowledge, foreign languages, soft skills
When applying by email or online, add your scanned signature to the document.
Apply by letter, sign the resume with your full first and last name.
Some employers expect anonymous CVs. These do not include the photo or any information that could be used to identify your gender or origin.
Attachments to the resume
Prove your qualifications with references, certificates, or work samples. Limit yourself to the evidence required for the job.
- School reports: Please enclose your last report card or your diploma. If you have many years of professional experience, you can - depending on your profession - do without it.
- Certificates of the apprenticeship or degree: Please enclose the certificate of completion. If you graduated a long time ago, the certificate could be omitted.
- Employment references: If possible, you should submit these from every former employer. Internship references are only helpful for young professionals.
- Further education certificates/seminar certificates: Name relevant further education and training.
Scan in certificates and certificates. When applying by post, do not send originals but copies.
In some cases, employers require additional attachments to the resume, such as a letter of motivation. Make it clear what interests you, particularly about the position and the company. In contrast to the cover letter, where you emphasize your professional aptitude, you mainly state your reasons in the letter of motivation.
Complete application documents - that is what it means.
If an employer would like complete application documents, please send:
- Write to,
- Cover sheet (optional; if you use it: with photo),
- CV (if you do not use a cover sheet: with a photo),
- Certificates and, if necessary, other attachments.
Brief application and brief profile
A brief application or profile is widespread for speculative applications and temporary or student jobs. The resume can be kept very brief and should not be longer than one A4 page.
A brief application includes:
- Write to
- CV with photo
This is how you score points on your resume.
Applicants today have to assert themselves against great competition. Experience abroad comes in very handy for most of them to present themselves as attractive candidates. However, the same applies to this point of the application: Use it carefully and in the right place.
Experience abroad: always highlight?
When applying, you should always pay attention to relevance. In concrete terms: Take a close look at the job advertisement and address the essential points. This also applies to the experience abroad. If a stay abroad and language skills are irrelevant for the job, you do not have to mention them separately.
What does the international experience include?
Not all activities you have completed abroad must also be included in the application under the international experience. Strictly speaking, these include:
- Language trips
- Semester abroad
- Au Pair stays
- Work and Travel Programs
On the other hand, if you have completed an internship abroad or even worked for an employer abroad for a certain period, this counts under the item "work experience."
As a general rule, more extended stays abroad should be mentioned in the application. However, it would help if you never forgot the reference to the advertised position. It may be advisable to briefly say the time abroad in your resume and go into more detail in the cover letter.
Experience abroad can be used as evidence of intercultural competence or language skills. In the best-case scenario, this allows you to stand out from applicants who, apart from their international experience, have comparable qualifications and professional experience.
It all depends on the timing.
However, this does not always apply equally to all cases. The time when you were abroad also playing a role in your application. If you were briefly abroad 20 years ago after graduating from high school but since then have only set foot on international soil as a tourist, you should not mention your international experience in your application. Far too much has happened in the meantime for your stay to matter today.
In addition, if you cannot prove that you have lived abroad, you are likely to be in an unfavorable starting position. This clarifies to the HR manager that you have not gained any experience abroad in the last 20 years. The contrast to applicants who, on the other hand, regularly abroad became unnecessarily clear - which puts you in a bad situation.
Should I use a template?
If you are unsure where and how you should present the point "international experience" in your application, a sample is always available. Because with a sample you can get an impression of the different possibilities of mentioning the time abroad. However, this is precisely an extremely individual matter. One has been abroad for a long time in his life and has even worked there; the other has taken language trips from time to time and gained experience abroad. Therefore, a sample can only give you a rough idea of the options you have for the presentation. Ultimately, it depends on the specific position, the company, and, of course, you as an applicant, how you behave concerning your international experience.
In general, however, professional activities abroad should be included in the resume under the item "work experience." Please use one of the possible standard variants. For example:
03 / 2007- 09/2010: Project management, Madrid (Spain), Bosch company
If this point is relevant to the position you are applying for, you can also address it again in the cover letter. Of course, this also applies to a semester abroad, giving you an edge over the competition. But please always remember that there must be a specific connection to the advertised job for items that you mention in the application.